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China manufacturer Wide Angle Pto Adaptor Cardan Spline Shaft Yoke Tube Torque Limiter Universal Joint Cross Cover Agricultural Machinery Tractor Parts Pto Drive Shaft

Product Description

 Wide Angle Pto Adaptor Cardan Spline Shaft Yoke Tube Torque Limiter Universal Joint cross Cover  Agricultural Machinery Tractor Parts Pto Drive Shaft 

Product Description

A PTO shaft (Power Take-Off shaft) is a mechanical component used to transfer power from a tractor or other power source to an attached implement such as a mower, tiller, or baler. The PTO shaft is typically located at the rear of the tractor and is powered by the tractor’s engine through the transmission.
The PTO shaft is designed to provide a rotating power source to the implement, allowing it to perform its intended function. The implement is connected to the PTO shaft using a universal joint, which allows for movement between the tractor and the implement while still maintaining a constant power transfer.

Here is our advantages when compare to similar products from China:
1.Forged yokes make PTO shafts strong enough for usage and working;
2.Internal sizes standard to confirm installation smooth;
3.CE and ISO certificates to guarantee to quality of our goods;
4.Strong and professional package to confirm the good situation when you receive the goods.

Product Specifications

 

 

 

SHIELD S SHIELD W

   

Packaging & Shipping

 

Company Profile

HangZhou Hanon Technology Co.,ltd is a modern enterprise specilizing in the development,production,sales and services of Agricultural Parts like PTO shaft and Gearboxes and Hydraulic parts like  Cylinder , Valve ,Gearpump and motor etc..
We adhere to the principle of ” High Quality, Customers’Satisfaction”, using advanced technology and equipments to ensure all the technical standards of transmission .We follow the principle of people first , trying our best to set up a pleasant surroundings and platform of performance for each employee. So everyone can be self-consciously active to join Hanon Machinery.

 

FAQ

1.What’re your main products?

we currently product Agricultural Parts like PTO shaft and Gearboxes and Hydraulic parts like Cylinder , Valve ,Gear pump and motor.You can check the specifications for above product on our website and you can email us to recommend needed product per your specification too.

2.What’s the lead time for a regular order?

Generally speaking, our regular standard product will need 30-45days, a bit longer for customized products. But we are very flexible on the lead time, it will depend on the specific orders.

3.What’s your warranty terms?

One year.

4.Can you send me a price list?

For all of our product, they are customized based on different requirements like length, ratio,voltage,and power etc. The price also varies according to annual quantity. So it’s really difficult for us to provide a price list. If you can share your detailed requirements and annual quantity, we’ll see what offer we can provide.

5.What’s the payment term? 

When we quote for you,we will confirm with you the way of transaction,FOB,CIFetc.<br> For mass production goods, you need to pay 30% deposit before producing and70% balance against copy of documents.The most common way is by T/T.  

6.How to deliver the goods to us?

Usually we will ship the goods to you by sea.

PTO Drive Shaft Parts

                                           

 

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Type: Agricultural Spare Part
Usage: Agricultural Products Processing, Farmland Infrastructure, Tillage, Harvester, Planting and Fertilization, Grain Threshing, Cleaning and Drying, Agricultural Machinery,Farm Tractor
Material: 45cr Steel
Samples:
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

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Order Sample

Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

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Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

spline shaft

How does the design of a spline shaft affect its performance?

The design of a spline shaft plays a crucial role in determining its performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

The design of the spline shaft directly affects its ability to transmit torque efficiently. Factors such as the spline profile, number of splines, and engagement length influence the torque-carrying capacity of the shaft. A well-designed spline profile with optimized dimensions ensures maximum contact area and load distribution, resulting in improved torque transmission.

2. Load Distribution:

A properly designed spline shaft distributes the applied load evenly across the engagement surfaces. This helps to minimize stress concentrations and prevents localized wear or failure. The design should consider factors such as spline profile geometry, tooth form, and surface finish to achieve optimal load distribution and enhance the overall performance of the shaft.

3. Misalignment Compensation:

Spline shafts can accommodate a certain degree of misalignment between the mating components. The design of the spline profile can incorporate features that allow for angular or parallel misalignment, ensuring effective power transmission even under misaligned conditions. Proper design considerations help maintain smooth operation and prevent excessive stress or premature failure.

4. Torsional Stiffness:

The design of the spline shaft influences its torsional stiffness, which is the resistance to twisting under torque. A stiffer shaft design reduces torsional deflection, improves torque response, and enhances the system’s overall performance. The shaft material, diameter, and spline profile all contribute to achieving the desired torsional stiffness.

5. Fatigue Resistance:

The design of the spline shaft should consider fatigue resistance to ensure long-term durability. Fatigue failure can occur due to repeated or cyclic loading. Proper design practices, such as optimizing the spline profile, selecting appropriate materials, and incorporating suitable surface treatments, can enhance the fatigue resistance of the shaft and extend its service life.

6. Surface Finish and Lubrication:

The surface finish of the spline shaft and the lubrication used significantly impact its performance. A smooth surface finish reduces friction, wear, and the potential for corrosion. Proper lubrication ensures adequate film formation, reduces heat generation, and minimizes wear. The design should incorporate considerations for surface finish requirements and lubrication provisions to optimize the shaft’s performance.

7. Environmental Considerations:

The design should take into account the specific environmental conditions in which the spline shaft will operate. Factors such as temperature, humidity, exposure to chemicals, or abrasive particles can affect the shaft’s performance and longevity. Suitable material selection, surface treatments, and sealing mechanisms can be incorporated into the design to withstand the environmental challenges.

8. Manufacturing Feasibility:

The design of the spline shaft should also consider manufacturing feasibility and cost-effectiveness. Complex designs may be challenging to produce or require specialized manufacturing processes, resulting in increased production costs. Balancing design complexity with manufacturability is crucial to ensure a practical and efficient manufacturing process.

By considering these design factors, engineers can optimize the performance of spline shafts, resulting in enhanced torque transmission, improved load distribution, misalignment compensation, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, surface finish, and environmental compatibility. A well-designed spline shaft contributes to the overall efficiency, reliability, and longevity of the mechanical system in which it is used.

spline shaft

How do spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation?

Spline shafts play a crucial role in achieving precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Here’s how spline shafts contribute to these characteristics:

1. Interlocking Design:

Spline shafts feature a series of ridges or teeth, known as splines, that interlock with corresponding grooves or slots in mating components. This interlocking design ensures a positive connection between the shaft and the mating part, allowing for precise and consistent rotation. The engagement between the splines provides resistance to axial and radial movement, minimizing play or backlash that can introduce inaccuracies in rotation.

2. Load Distribution:

The interlocking engagement of spline shafts allows for effective load distribution along the length of the shaft. This helps distribute the applied torque evenly, reducing stress concentrations and minimizing the risk of localized deformation or failure. By distributing the load, spline shafts contribute to consistent rotation and prevent excessive wear on specific areas of the shaft or the mating components.

3. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts are specifically designed to transmit torque efficiently from one component to another. The close fit between the splines ensures a high torque-carrying capacity, enabling the shaft to transfer rotational force without significant power loss. This efficient torque transmission contributes to precise and consistent rotation, allowing for accurate positioning and motion control in various applications.

4. Rigidity and Stiffness:

Spline shafts are typically constructed from materials with high rigidity and stiffness, such as steel or alloy. This inherent rigidity helps maintain the dimensional integrity of the shaft and minimizes deflection or bending under load. By providing a stable and stiff rotational axis, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation, particularly in applications that require tight tolerances or high-speed operation.

5. Alignment and Centering:

The interlocking nature of spline shafts aids in the alignment and centering of rotating components. The splines ensure proper positioning and orientation of the shaft relative to the mating part, facilitating concentric rotation. This alignment helps prevent wobbling, vibrations, and eccentricity, which can adversely affect rotation accuracy and consistency.

6. Lubrication and Wear Reduction:

Proper lubrication of spline shafts is essential for maintaining precise and consistent rotation. Lubricants reduce friction between the mating surfaces, minimizing wear and preventing stick-slip phenomena that can cause irregular rotation. The use of lubrication also helps dissipate heat generated during operation, ensuring optimal performance and longevity of the spline shaft.

By incorporating interlocking design, load distribution, efficient torque transmission, rigidity, alignment, and lubrication, spline shafts contribute to precise and consistent rotation in mechanical systems. Their reliable and accurate rotational characteristics make them suitable for a wide range of applications, from automotive and aerospace to machinery and robotics.

spline shaft

What are the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems?

Using spline shafts in mechanical systems offers several advantages. Here’s a detailed explanation:

1. Torque Transmission:

Spline shafts provide efficient torque transmission between the driving and driven components. The interlocking splines ensure a secure and reliable transfer of rotational force, enabling the transmission of power and motion in mechanical systems.

2. Relative Movement Accommodation:

Spline shafts can accommodate relative movement between the driving and driven components. They allow axial, radial, and angular displacements, compensating for misalignments, thermal expansion, and vibrations. This flexibility helps to maintain proper engagement and minimize stress concentrations.

3. Load Distribution:

The splines on the shaft distribute the transmitted load across the entire engagement surface. This helps to reduce localized stresses and prevents premature wear or failure of the components. The load distribution capability of spline shafts contributes to the overall durability and longevity of the mechanical system.

4. Precise Positioning and Control:

Spline shafts enable precise positioning and control of mechanical components. The splines provide accurate rotational alignment, allowing for precise angular positioning and indexing. This is crucial in applications where precise control and synchronization of movements are required.

5. Interchangeability and Standardization:

Spline shafts are available in standardized designs and dimensions. This enables interchangeability between components and facilitates easier maintenance and replacement. Standardization also simplifies the design and manufacturing processes, reducing costs and lead times.

6. High Power Transmission Capacity:

Spline shafts are designed to withstand high torque loads. The interlocking splines provide a large contact area, distributing the transmitted torque across multiple teeth. This allows spline shafts to handle higher power transmission requirements, making them suitable for heavy-duty applications.

7. Versatility:

Spline shafts can be designed and manufactured to suit various application requirements. They can be customized in terms of size, shape, number of splines, and spline profile to match the specific needs of a mechanical system. This versatility makes spline shafts adaptable to a wide range of industries and applications.

8. Reduced Slippage and Backlash:

When properly designed and manufactured, spline shafts exhibit minimal slippage and backlash. The tight fit between the splines prevents significant axial or radial movement during torque transmission, resulting in improved efficiency and precision in mechanical systems.

In summary, the advantages of using spline shafts in mechanical systems include efficient torque transmission, accommodation of relative movement, load distribution, precise positioning and control, interchangeability, high power transmission capacity, versatility, and reduced slippage and backlash. These advantages make spline shafts a reliable and effective choice in various applications where power transfer, flexibility, and precise motion control are essential.

China manufacturer Wide Angle Pto Adaptor Cardan Spline Shaft Yoke Tube Torque Limiter Universal Joint Cross Cover Agricultural Machinery Tractor Parts Pto Drive Shaft  China manufacturer Wide Angle Pto Adaptor Cardan Spline Shaft Yoke Tube Torque Limiter Universal Joint Cross Cover Agricultural Machinery Tractor Parts Pto Drive Shaft
editor by CX 2024-05-14

China DIN ST52.3 Cold Drawn Splined PTO Seamless Steel Tube for Agricultural Drive Shaft with Great quality

Software: Construction Pipe
Alloy Or Not: Non-Alloy
Segment Shape: Splined
Unique Pipe: Other
Thickness: 1 – 20 mm
Quality: St52.4, ST35-ST52
Floor Treatment method: Other
Tolerance: ±1%
Processing Service: Cutting
Secondary Or Not: Non-secondary
Merchandise name: Agricultural Generate Shaft Steel Tube
Key word: Splined Metal Tube
Kind: Shaped, H40 Track bottom roller for Hanix mini excavator undercarriage elements Seamless Metal Pipe
Area: vivid
Material: Steel
Approach: Chilly Drawn
Certification: Other
Packaging Specifics: Metal Tube with common seaworthy packing in bundles
Port: ZheJiang

DIN ST52 Cold Drawn Seamless PTO Shaft Splined Tube for Agricultural Push System

Product Agricultural Drive Shaft Profile Tube
Form Hexagon Lemon Triangular Star
Advantage Superior Area, Accurate dimension, Factory Very hot Promoting Powder Metallurgy Equipment Equipment Wall Clock Worm Gear Lifting System Tiny tolerance
Approach Chilly Drawn Specific Form Seamless Metal Tube
Steel Grade ST52 E S20C S45C 20# forty five# Q345B
Software The Power-Get-OFF method in agriculture equipment Harvester, Tractors
Surface Smooth
Make time 15-thirty days
Shipping and delivery Port China, solid Split Sprocket Conveying Products Industrial Personalized Double Pitch Sprocket HangZhou Port by Sea
Trad expression FOB, CIF, Immediate manufacturing unit OEM kitchen equipment areas Electric powered mixer Foods processor worm gears gearbox CFR
Payment TT, LC
Package deal Seaworthy deal with anti-corrosion

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When two splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by five mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to fifty-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows four concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these three components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using two different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these two methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the three factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China DIN ST52.3 Cold Drawn Splined PTO Seamless Steel Tube for Agricultural Drive Shaft     with Great quality China DIN ST52.3 Cold Drawn Splined PTO Seamless Steel Tube for Agricultural Drive Shaft     with Great quality
editor by czh 2023-02-17